Editors of Educational Planning

Robert Beach, Alabama State University, USA
Carol Cash, Virginia Tech and State University, USA
Edward Duncanson, Western Connecticut State University, USA
Ori Eyal, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Ming Tak Hue, Education University of Hong Kong, China
Dan Inbar, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Ebru Karatas, Usak University, Turkey
Linda Lemasters, George Washington University, USA
John A. McTavish, Niagara College, Canada
Agostino Menna, Ryerson University, Canada
Alana S. Pulay, Oklahoma State University, USA
C.Kenneth Tanner, University of Georgia, USA
Selahattin Turan, Bursa Uludag University, Turkey
Maartje Eva Damiate Van den Bogaard, Delft University, The Netherlands
Anissa Vega, Kennesaw State University, USA
Ting Wang, Huzhou Normal University, China
T. DeVere Wolsey, The American University at Cairo, Egypt

Editor:                        Tak Cheung Chan, Kennesaw State University, USA
Associate Editors:       Walter Polka, Niagara University, USA and  Peter Litchka, Loyola University, USA
Assistant Editor:         Holly Catalfamo, Niagara College, Canada
Publication Director:   Glen Earthman, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA
Online Manager:        Angel Ford, George Washington University, USA

Reprints: Articles and reviews are available from the editor. Please contact the editor for availability and costs.
Translation: Educational Planning will attempt to provide readers with major language translations of journal articles. Interested members should contact the editor regarding availability and costs.

@2020 International Society for Educational Planning
All Rights Reserved

Educational Planning is the refereed journal of the International Society for Educational Planning (ISEP). Educational Planning is published quarterly by ISEP which maintains editorial office at 2903 Ashlawn Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24060-8101. The Journal is assigned ISSN 1537-873X by the National Serials Data Program of the Library of Congress. All materials in the Journal are the property of ISEP and are copyrighted. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means electronically or mechanically including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system without written permission from the publisher. Permission to use material generally will be made available by the editor to students and educational institutions upon written request. For manuscript submission and membership information please see submission of manuscripts. The journal is indexed in the H. W. Wilson Education Index and the articles are part of the EBSCO Database.